→ 한국식품과학회지2021 ; 53(3): 239-244
Residue analysis and risk assessment of ethoxyquin and ethoxyquin dimer in farmed fish
양식어류 중 Ethoxyquin과 Ethoxyquin dimer의 잔류분석 및 위해평가
Young-Hee Choi1,*, Suk-Kyung Ko1, Seung-Hee Ryu1, Young-Hee Jin1, Jae-Eun Kwak1, Myung-Sook Lee1, Bog-Soon Kim1, and In-Sook Hang1
1Department of Gangnam Agricultural and Fishery Product Inspection, Seoul Metropolitan Government Research Institute of Public Health and Environment
최영희1,* · 고숙경1 · 류승희1 · 진영희1 · 곽재은1 · 이명숙1 · 김복순1 · 황인숙1
1서울시보건환경연구원 강남농수산물검사소
In the present study, liquid chromatography tandem-mass spectrometry was used to conduct a risk assessment of ethoxyquin and ethoxyquin dimer residues in 288 farmed fish sold in wholesale and traditional markets in Seoul. The detection range (detection rate) of ethoxyquin and ethoxyquin dimer was 0.005~0.309 mg/kg (4.9%) and 0.001~2.828 mg/kg (69.8%), respectively. Ethoxyquin was detected only in freshwater eels, loaches, catfish, and flatfish, whereas ethoxyquin dimer was present in all fish species. To estimate the dietary exposure levels of ethoxyquin and ethoxyquin dimer, the hazard index, calculated using the acceptable daily intake and estimated daily intake, ranged from 0.001 to 0.300%. Our results indicate that there is no significant exposure risk to humans from these farmed fish despite 10 farmed fish samples exceeding the maximum residue level (1.0 mg/kg as the sum of ethoxyquin and ethoxyquin dimer).
ethoxyquin, ethoxyquin dimer, risk assessment, LC-MS/MS, hazard index
한국식품과학회지 2021 Jun; 53(3): 239 - 244