Food Science and Biotechnology
→ Food Science and Biotechnology 2021 ; 30(2): 185-194
Recent (2011–2017) foodborne outbreak cases in the Republic of Korea compared to the United States: a review
Sang-Oh Kim1 • Sang-Soon Kim2
1 Department of Plant and Food Sciences, Sangmyung University, Cheonan, Chungnam 31066, Republic of Korea 2 Department of Food Engineering, Dankook University, Cheonan, Chungnam 31116, Republic of Korea
This study analyzes and compares foodborne disease outbreaks reported in the Republic of Korea (KR) and the United States (US) during 2011-2017. The foodborne outbreaks data in the KR and the US were collected from the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety and from the Surveillance for Foodborne Disease Outbreaks United States, respectively. The average number of outbreaks and illness population were higher in the US than in the KR, but the KR’s illness ratio considering population size was 2.4 times higher than that of the US. When the sites of outbreaks compared, the number of illness was the highest at schools in the KR whereas outbreaks at restaurants were more frequent in the US. In the KR, bacterial infections were the primary cause of outbreaks while bacterial and viral infections accounted for the largest share of outbreaks in the US. Specifically, pathogenic E. coli presented a significant risk in the KR whereas Salmonella was the most prevalent in the US. These results indicate that the main microbiological targets for detection and control in the KR should differ from the US, which should be considered for developing food safety related policies.
Foodborne outbreak · Republic of Korea · United States · Hazard analysis · Outbreak place
Food Science and Biotechnology 2021 ; 30(2): 185-194