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Food Science and Biotechnology
→ Food Science and Biotechnology 2021 ; 30(3): 355-366
Extraction of volatile organic compounds from leaves of Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. and Artemisia annua L. by headspace-solid phase micro extraction and simultaneous distillation extraction and analysis by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry
Ji Hyeon Son1 • Md Atikul Islam1,2 • Joon Ho Hong3 • Ji Young Jeong1 • Ok Yeon Song1 • Hui Eun Kim1 • Naeem Khan4 • Nargis Jamila5 • Kyong Su Kim1
1 Department of Food and Nutrition, Chosun University, Gwangju 61452, Republic of Korea 2 Department of Chemistry, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur 5200, Bangladesh 3 Nanobio Research Center, Jeonnam Bioindustry Foundation (JBF), Jeollanam-do 57248Jangsung-gun, South Korea 4 Department of Chemistry, Kohat University of Science and Technology, Kohat 26000, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan 5 Department of Chemistry, Shaheed Benazir Bhutto Women University, Peshawar 25000, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
ABSTRACT
This study was designed to analyze the volatile organic compounds in the leaves of Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. and Artemisia annua L. from Korea. For extraction of volatile compounds, headspace-solid phase micro extraction (HS-SPME) and simultaneous distillation extraction (SDE) were applied and analyzed by gas chromatography/ mass spectrometry (GC/MS). From the results, SDE extraction was found to give the highest concentration of volatile compounds with an average concentration of 1,237.79 mg/kg for A. annua L. leaves compared to 1,122.73 mg/kg by HS-SPME technique. A total of 116 volatile organic compounds were identified, including 76 similar volatile organic compounds detected by both the methods of extraction in leaves of subject species at varying concentrations. Among these 33 volatile organic compounds were reported for the first time from the subject plant species. Thus the present research findings extend the characterization of volatile organic compounds from leaves of A. annua L. and A. artemisiifolia L. species and reported some distinguishing compounds which may be used for their discrimination.
KEYWORD
Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. leaves · Artemisia annua L. leaves · Volatile organic compound · Headspacesolid phase micro extraction (HS-SPME) · Simultaneous distillation extraction (SDE) · Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS)
Food Science and Biotechnology 2021 ; 30(3): 355-366
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