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한국식품과학회지
→ 한국식품과학회지2021 ; 53(1): 1-11
Recent (2010-2019) foodborne outbreaks caused by viruses in the Republic of Korea along with their detection and inactivation methods
바이러스에 의한 최근(2010-2019) 국내 식중독 사고와 검출법 및 제어법에 대한 동향 조사
Seung-Wook Kwon1 and Sang-Soon Kim1,*
1Department of Food Engineering, Dankook University
권승욱1 · 김상순1,*
1단국대학교 식품공학과
ABSTRACT
In this review, recent foodborne outbreaks caused by viruses in the Republic of Korea (2010-2019) were analyzed. The human norovirus was found to be the major foodborne virus causing an average of 94.9% of the viral outbreaks. Reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with electrophoresis has been widely used to detect viruses, but several rapid detection methods, including real-time PCR, multiplex PCR, and quantum dot assay, have also been suggested. For norovirus inactivation studies, surrogates such as murine norovirus and feline calicivirus have been widely used to identify the reduction rate owing to the limitations in laboratory cultivation. Conversely, direct cell infection studies have been conducted for other foodborne viruses such as adenovirus, astrovirus, rotavirus, and hepatitis A or E virus. Moreover, virucidal mechanisms using various physical and chemical treatments have been revealed. These recent studies suggest that rapid in situ detection and effective control are valuable for ensuring food safety against viral infections.
KEYWORD
food safety, foodborne virus, norovirus, detection, inactivation
한국식품과학회지 2021 Feb; 53(1): 1 - 11
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