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Food Science and Biotechnology
→ Food Science and Biotechnology 2020 ; 29(5): 675-682
Methylglyoxal-derived advanced glycation end products induce matrix metalloproteinases through activation of ERK/JNK/NF-κB pathway in kidney proximal epithelial cells
So-Ra Jeong1 • Ho-Young Park2 • Yoonsook Kim2 • Kwang-Won Lee1
1 Department of Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea University, Anam-Dong, Sungbuk-Gu, Seoul 02841, Republic of Korea 2 Division of Functional Food Research, Korea Food Research Institute, Wanju-gun, Jeollabuk-do 55365, Republic of Korea
ABSTRACT
The accumulation of reactive α-dicarbonyl leading to advanced glycation end products (AGEs) have been linked to pathophysiological diseases in many studies, such as atherosclerosis, cataract, cancer, and diabetic nephropathy. Glycation-generated AGEs increase the expression of inflammatory cytokines by transferring signals to the cell by binding them to the receptor for AGEs (RAGE) on their cell surface. The effect of methylglyoxalderived AGEs (AGE-4) on the induction of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in rat ordinary kidney cells (NRK52E) was explored in this research, among other AGEs. The cell treated with 100 µg/mL AGE-4 for 24 h showed a substantial rise in MMP-2 and MMP-9 expression relative to BSA control only and other AGEs through ERK, JNK, and NF-B pathways. Our findings therefore suggest that AGE-4 expresses MMPs through the AGE-4-RAGE axis, activating MAPK signals that may contribute to dysfunction of the kidney cell.
KEYWORD
Advanced glycation end products · Diabetic nephropathy · Matrix metalloproteinase · MAPK · NF-κB
Food Science and Biotechnology 2020 ; 29(5): 675-682
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