Food Science and Biotechnology
→ Food Science and Biotechnology 2020 ; 29(4): 459-467
Effect of ripening time on bacteriological and physicochemical goat milk cheese characteristics
Rodrigo V. Moreira1 • Marion P. Costa2 • Beatriz S. Frasao1 • Vivian S. Sobral1 • Claudius C. Cabral1 • Bruna L. Rodrigues1 • Se ´rgio B. Mano1 • Carlos A. Conte-Junior1,3
1 Department of Food Technology, Faculdade de Veterinária, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Rua Vital Brazil Filho, 64, Niterói, RJ CEP: 24230-340, Brazil 2 Laboratório de Inspeção e Tecnologia de Leites e Derivados Lácteos (LaITLácteos), Escola de Medicina Veterinária, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Ondina, Salvador, BA, Brazil 3 Food Science Program, Instituto de Química, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
Cheese ripening involves lactose metabolism, lipolysis and proteolysis, which are affected by many factors. The aim of this study was to assess changes due to ripening (90 days) of goat milk cheese through bacteriological and physicochemical analysis in order to verify if, at the end of ripening period, this cheese could be considered ‘‘lactose-free’’. Three batches of the goat milk cheese were manufactured and ripened at 10 °C and 80% relative humidity for 90 days. Titratable acidity increased by about 59 °D due to carbohydrate degradation and organic acid production. However, pH (5.31–5.25) remained constant. Lactococcus was the dominant cheese microbiota, acting in the fermentation of lactose (1.17–0.06 mg/g) and lactic acid production (5.49– s10.01 mg/g). Thus, ripening time was decisive for bacteriological and physicochemical goat milk cheese characteristics.
Growth modeling · Lactose-free · Lactic acid · Lactococcus · Organic acids
Food Science and Biotechnology 2020 ; 29(4): 459-467