Food Science and Biotechnology
→ Food Science and Biotechnology 2020 ; 29(2): 227-234
Modeling respiration rates of Ipomoea batatas (sweet potato) under hermetic storage system
Seo Hyeon Han1 • Han Dong Jang1 • Seung Ju Lee1
1 Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, Dongguk University-Seoul, Goyang 10326, Korea
The sweet potato respiration rate versus gas composition was mathematically modeled, as required to design an effective modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) system. Storage tests of sweet potato were conducted at 15–30 °C. The O2 and CO2 concentrations were measured over time in a closed system. The respiration rate was estimated to be a derivative of the quadratic function of gas concentration over time and decreased with decreasing O2 and increasing CO2. The model of the uncompetitive inhibition enzyme reaction rate fitted well with the experimental results. The temperature dependency of the equation parameters (Vm,Km, and Ki) followed the Arrhenius relationships. The use of the proposed models to simulate the respiration rates as a function of temperature revealed less temperature dependence in low O2 and high CO2 concentrations. This gas composition, more desirable in practice, also agreed with the typical gas composition of MAP.
Sweet potato · Respiration rate · Kinetic modeling · Temperature dependency
Food Science and Biotechnology 2020 ; 29(2): 227-234